by Danning Chen March 12th, 2013
Recently-updated data from the National Cancer Institute’s State Cancer Profiles database show that for incidence of breast cancer in the most recent year for which data are currently available, 2009, Washington ranked highest in the United States with a rate of 139.20 reported cases per 100,000 population. It was followed by Connecticut, Hawaii, Rhode Island and North Dakota. For prostate cancer Louisiana, Utah and Georgia ranked highest and for lung cancer, Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennessee and Maine. Looking at overall rates of cancer, seven of ten states with highest rates in the United States were in the Northeast. The top 10 in order, were Connecticut, Kentucky, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Maine, Iowa, New York, New Jersey, Vermont. Washington ranked 13th of 49 states (data for Wisconsin was not available), with 474.5 cases of cancer per 100,000 population. Select from the four visualizations accessible below to compare state cancer rates in 2009 – for all types combined, plus breast, prostate and lung cancer. Contributing to the “all types” rates, according to NCI, are “all invasive cancer sites combined, bladder, breast, brain, cervix, childhood cancers all sites combined, colon and rectum, esophagus, kidney, leukemias, liver and bile duct, lung and bronchus, melanomas of the skin, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, oral cavity and pharynx, ovary, pancreas, prostate, stomach, thyroid, and uterus.”
According to a recent article in the U.S. Centers For Disease Control’s journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly, the overall cancer rate in the U.S. in 2009 was higher for men than women; and among racial groups was highest among African-Americans and lowest among Native Americans/Alaska Natives.
An article last fall in the National Cancer Institute Bulletin cites research that increased breast cancer screening since the 1970s has resulted in some cases being diagnosed which posed no risk to the subjects.
At the same time, research continues into various factors which may contribute to breast cancer risk. Work published last year by Seattle researchers from Group Health Cooperative and the University of Washington included detailed data from electronic pharmacy records of women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and found that use of certain types of oral contraceptives within the year prior to diagnosis may increase that risk for women aged 20 to 49. (UPDATE – Another recent study, from the National Cancer Institute, accents the connection between regular alcohol consumption prior to first pregnancy, and breast cancer risk.)
More information on breast cancer risk factors is provided by the American Cancer Society.
Assistance on the data visualization provided by Mike Klaczynski. Additional reporting by Matt Rosenberg. Public Data Ferret is a news knowledge base program of the 501c3 public charity, Public Eye Northwest. Ferret In The News. Donate; subscribe (free)/volunteer.